Force Field Analysis is a tool used for listing, discussing and evaluating possible forces for and against a proposed change.
Force Field Analysis can help to determine if a proposed change has the needed support to go ahead. It identifies obstacles to successful solutions and suggests actions to reduce the strength of those obstacles.By knowing the pros and cons of any proposed change, you can develop strategies to reduce the impact of the opposing forces and strengthen the supporting forces.
Force Field Analysis is the ideal tool to use when a change to the business is proposed.
- Start by stating the proposed change
- Draw a force field diagram
- Write the proposed change in the middle of the page in a rectangular box dividing the page
- Label the left side of the page ‘Driving Forces’, these are the forces that support the change. Label the right side of the page ‘Restraining Forces’, these are the forces that oppose the change
- Brainstorm the pros and cons of the proposed change. Note the pros on the ‘Driving Forces’ side and the cons on the ‘Restraining Forces’ side
- Ask questions about each force on both sides of the page to determine the score for ‘Driving Forces’ and for ‘Restraining Forces’
- Score each force from 1-5, 1 being weak, 5 being strong
- The score should be based on the strength or importance of the force, the degree to which it is possible to influence the force and the number of people in agreement with it
- Calculate a total score for ‘Driving Forces’ and for ‘Restraining Forces’
- Once completed the decision whether to implement the change or not will be easier to make. If the decision is to go ahead with the planned change action can be taken to strengthen the driving forces and weaken the restraining forces so that the change is more successful